Web Publishing with Netscape Navigator Gold 3.0

Web Publishing with Netscape Navigator Gold 3.0
(Part 1)
 

This training material is taught based on the book, Official Netscape Navigator Gold 3.0 Book, Windows Edition, by Alan Simpson, Copyright © 1996 Ventana Communications Group, Inc. The book is available at any bookstore. It is compiled and taught by Albert Tran, the Library Information Technology Consultant.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 - Browsing the Web, Gold Style

Chapter 2 - Creating Your First Home Page Chapter 3 - Gold Authors 

Starting Netscape Navigator

To start Netscape Navigator:
  1. Start Windows in the usual manner.
  2. Double-click the program group icon that contains the Netscape Navigator Gold 3.01 application.
  3. Double-click the Netscape Navigator Gold 3.01 icon shown at the Microsoft Office toolbar if any.
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What's on the Screen?

Title bar - Standard Windows title bar, shows the name of the document currently being edited and standard Windows buttons.

Menu bar - Standard Windows menu bar with commands that operate on the page currently being edited.

Toolbar - Buttons for moving to different Web pages, as well as Edit, Print, and Find key word in a Web page.

Location/Go To/History box - location of the Uniform Resource Locator (URL) and history of URLs that you have visited to.

Directory bar - Buttons for connecting to Netscape's What's New?, What's Cool?, Handbook, Net Search, Net Directory, and Software.

Display Window - Where Web pages are displayed.

Status bar - Standard Netscape Navigator status bar.

Navigator icon - By clicking on this icon, you will be connected to Netscape site.

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Going to a Specific Site

  1. To erase the current URL and type a new one, first click on the current URL to select it. Then just start typing the new URL.
  2. If the URL you're typing starts with http://, you can omit the http://.
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Using Hyperlinks

It's not always easy to tell, at first glance, whether a chunk of text or a picture is a clickable hot spot. But there's a simple way to find out:
  1. When you move the mouse pointer to a hot spot, the mouse pointer turns into a pointing hand.
  2. The status bar displays the URL of the site you'll get to by clicking the hot spot.
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Visited and Unvisited Links

Difference between blue hyperlinks and red hyperlinks:
  1. A blue link indicates a site you've never visited.
  2. A red or magenta link indicates a site you have already visited.
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Popping Back to a Recent Page

The following steps show a simple way to return to a site that you've visited recently:
  1. Click the drop-down list button to the right of the Location box to display the history list..
  2. Click the URL of the site you want to go to.
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Home/Stop/Reload

Home - If you get lost and want to go all the way back to the very first page, click the Home button in the toolbar.

Stop - If you reach a boiling point while trying to view a site and decide to give up and go somewhere else, all you have to do is click the Stop button in the toolbar.

Reload - When you visit a Web site for the first time, that site's home page is sent to your PC through the modem - a fairly slow process. As the page comes into your PC, Navigator automatically makes a copy of that page and stores it on your hard disk in a folder called the cache.

When you revisit a recently visited page, Navigator doesn't bother to reload the entire page through the modem. Instead, it just reloads the page from the cache on your hard disk. This process helps speed things along as you're browsing the Web.

You can easily overcome this problem by using the Reload button in Navigator toolbar.

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Maximizing the Netscape Window

To maximize the Netscape window when opened, perform one of the following steps:
  1. Double-click the program group icon that contains the Netscape Navigator Gold 3.01 application.
  2. Or double-click the Netscape Navigator Gold 3.01 icon shown at the Microsoft Office toolbar if any. Then click the Maximize button on the upper right corner of the Windows screen.
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Bookmark Management

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Getting Online Help

Press the Help key (F1).

Navigator's help is also unique in that it's set up more like a Web site, with hyperlinks, than a typical Windows help file. To get online help in Navigator, follow these steps:

  1. Make sure you're online (connected to the Internet).
  2. Click Help in Navigator's menu bar
  3. Choose whatever topic in the menu seems appropriate. If you're looking for general help, click on Handbook.
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Using the Netscape Page Wizard

Visit the Wizard
  1. Connect to the Internet and start up Netscape Navigator as your usually do.
  2. From Navigator's menu bar choose File | New Document | From Wizard. Note: the Netscape Wizard page may change as you visit.
Notice that the frame on the right has its own scroll bar. You should scroll through and read the instruction in that frame. When you get to the bottom, click the Start button to start building your page.

The rest is pretty easy. The left frame provides instructions, as well as links to options.

For example:

  • Click on give your page a title, type the title.
  • After you finish typing the title, you can scroll down through the Instructions frame until you get to the next link, type an introduction. Click on that link, then fill in the text box displayed in the lower frame. Click the Apply button.
  • In the section in which you can type hot links, type a site name and a URL, following the instructions near the bottom of the screen.
  • Finally, type your closing sentence(s) and your e-mail address.
Save Your Page Locally

When you've finished with the Wizard, you need to save the newly created page on your hard disk. Scroll down to the button of the instructions frame, click on the Build button, and wait a few minutes while the Wizard builds your page.

It is very important to save this page locally, on your own hard disk, so that later you can send it to your Web server for publication. Follow these steps:

  1. In Navigator's menu bar choose File | Edit Document.
  2. You can't edit this page right now because it's on Netscape's Web server, not on your PC. Make sure that both check boxes are checked, then Click the Save button.
  3. You may see another message, telling you that you're about to download a remote document.
  4. In the Save As dialog box that appears, browse to the folder in which you want to store your page, then type the filename.
  5. Click the Save button.
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Using a Template to Create Your First Page

To create a home page from one of Netscape's templates, follow these steps:
  1. Connect to the Internet in the usual way, and start up Netscape Navigator.
  2. From Navigator's menu bar choose File | New Document | From Template.
  3. Scroll down to the list of templates and look at all your options.
  4. After reviewing the list of templates, click on the one you think exemplifies the type of page you're trying to create.
  5. Now save a copy of the template to your hard disk. First, choose File | Edit Document from Navigator's menu bar.
  6. Make sure that both check boxes in the Save Remote Document dialog box are checked, then click the Save button. In the Hint box that appears next, just click the OK button.
  7. In the Save As dialog box, choose a folder and an appropriate filename for the page, then click the Save button.
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Creating A Page from Scratch

To create a page from scratch, follow the steps to get started:
  1. Start Netscape Navigator in a usual way.
  2. When Navigator complains about not being able to locate the server, just click the OK button.
  3. From Navigator's menu bar, choose File | New Document | Blank. Gold's editor is displayed, with a blank page to start on.
  4. Now type as you would in any word processor. For example, press Enter only to end short lines, entire paragraphs, or to insert blank lines.
Save your work
  • Choose File | Save from Navigator's menu bar, choose a folder, and enter a filename with a .html or .htm extension.
  • After you save the page, you can upload it to your Web server, for all the world to see.
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Opening the Editor

To get to the editor - as though you were going to create a new Web page from scratch - just follow these steps:
  1. If you haven't already done so, start Netscape Navigator Gold.
  2. From Navigator's menu bar, choose File | New Document | Blank.
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What's on the Screen?

Title bar - Standard Windows title bar, shows the name of the document currently being edited and standard Windows buttons.

Menu bar - Standard Windows menu bar with commands that operate on the page currently being edited.

File/Edit Toolbar - Buttons for working on the document as a whole, as well as Cut , Copy, and Paste buttons.

Paragraph Format Toolbar - Buttons that apply formatting to an entire paragraph or selected paragraphs.

Character Format Toolbar- Buttons for formatting individual characters or selected groups of characters.

Editing Area - Where you type and edit your Web page. Right-click in this area for context-relevant pop-up menus.

Status bar - Standard Netscape Navigator status bar.
 

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Selecting and Unselecting Text

To select text with the mouse:
  1. Point to the place you want to begin the selection.
  2. Hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse pointer to the place you want to end the selection.
Some handy shortcuts for selecting text, using the mouse:
  • To select a word, double-click the word.
  • To select a line, click in the left margin next to the line.
  • To select a paragraph, double-click in the left margin next to the paragraph.
To select text with the keyboard:
  • Hold down the Shift key as you press an arrow key.
  • To select the entire document, press Ctrl+A, or choose Edit | Select All from the menu bar.
Unselecting Text
  • Press Escape (Esc) to clear the current selection without changing any of that text.
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Deleting Text

You can delete text in any of three ways:
  • To delete characters to the left of the cursor, press Backspace.
  • To delete characters to the right of the cursor, press Delete (Del) key.
  • Or select the text you want to delete, then press Delete (Del) or choose Edit | Delete.
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Undo and Redo

If you delete or change text, and then change your mind, choose Edit | Undo (or press Ctrl+Z) to undo the change. If you change your mind again, choose Edit | Redo (or press Ctrl+Shift+Z).

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Moving and Copying Text

To move and copy text in your page, perform the following:
  1. Select the text you want to move or copy:
  • If you want to copy the selected text, click the Copy button in the File | Edit toolbar, or press Ctrl+C. A copy of the selected text will be placed in the Windows clipboard.
  • If you want to move the selected text, click the Cut button in the File | Edit toolbar, or press Ctrl+X. The selected text will be moved to the Windows clipboard.
  • Click wherever you want to place the moved or copied text.
  • Click the Paste button in the File | Edit toolbar, or pres Ctrl+V, or choose Edit | Paste from the menu bar.
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    Formatting Text

    • To apply a paragraph format to a single paragraph, click anywhere in the paragraph and choose an option from the Paragraph Format toolbar.
    • To apply a paragraph format to several paragraphs, select all the paragraphs you want to format.
    • To undo a format, choose Edit | Undo.
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    Saving Your Work

    Techniques to save your work:
    1. Choose File | Save.
    2. Press Ctrl+S.
    3. Click the Save button in the File | Edit Toolbar.
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    Browse Your Local Document

    To see your document exactly as readers on the World Wide Web will see it, just switch ti the browse view. To do so:
    1. Click the View in browser button in the toolbar.
    2. Or choose File | Browse Document from the menus.
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    Show/Hide Paragraph Marks

    To show the paragraph marks, choose View | Display Paragraph Marks.

    To hide the paragraph marks, choose View | Display Paragraph Marks again.

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    View the Document Source

    When you create a Web page using Navigator Gold, you are creating an HTML document for the World Wide Web. An HTML document is one that contains tags that tell the browser how to format the document. If you want to look at the tags, just choose View | View Document Source from the menu.

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    Getting Help

    To access the Online Help, you must first be connected to the Internet. Then in Netscape Navigator, follow these steps:
    1. Choose Help | Handbook from Navigator's menu bar.
    2. For help creating Web pages, look for the Authoring Guide link.
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    Save, Exit, Then Edit Again

    When you've finished with a document for the time being, you can save it and exit Navigator. To do that, perform the following steps:
    1. Choose File | Exit from Navigator's menu bar.
    2. When you see a message asking whether you want to close all windows and exit Netscape, choose Yes.
    To open the page again in Navigator, just do any of the following:
    • Open the folder that contains the document in File Manager, then double-click the name of the page you want to view.
    • Or, in the editor, choose File | Open File, choose the appropriate folder and filename from the Open dialog box, then click the Open button.
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    Last updated: May 15, 1997