Simple Wording 3m Sec6

Points Pitfalls Examples Simple Words View Document

The following vocabulary substitutions should be considered when authoring the consent document.
abrasionarea where skin or other tissue is scraped away
absorptionthe way a drug or other substance enters the body
acoumetertool used to measure hearing
acutelasting a short time but often causing a serious problem
adhesiontissue stuck together
adrenal glandgland found over each kidney
adverse effectside effect
albuminuriaprotein in the urine
allergyoversensitivity to a substance
amniocentesisremoval of some of the waters from around an unborn baby for laboratory testing
analgesicdrug used to control pain
anemiadecreased number of red blood cells
anesthesialoss of sensation or feeling
anestheticdrug is used to produce loss of pain sensation
angioplastysurgery to open up a narrow blood vessel
anoxiano oxygen
antaciddrug used to decrease acid in the stomach
antibioticdrug used to stop or slow down the growth of germs
antibodytype of protein that helps protect the body against foreign matter, such as bacteria and viruses
antihistaminedrug used to treat allergic reactions
antisepticsubstance used to stop or slow down the growth of germs
aphasianot able to speak or write and not able to understand spoken or written words
arterytype of blood vessel that carries blood and oxygen from the heart to the rest of the body
arthritisinflammation of one or more joints
assaylab test
atrophywasting away, or decrease in size, of a body organ
audiogramreport of a hearing test
audiologythe study of hearing
audiometertool used to measure hearing
bacteriatypes of germs
benignnot malignant, usually without serious consequences
beta blockerdrug used to slow down the heart
bilateralhaving to do with both sides of the body
biopsyremoval of tissue so it can be looked at under a microscope
bolusan amount given all at once
bone marrowsoft tissue inside bones that makes blood cells
bronchitisinflammation of the bronchi
bronchustube that carries air from the windpipe to the lungs
bulimiaeating disorder in which a person cannot stop eating and often vomits to make room for more food
calcipenialow in calcium
cancer radiotherapytreatment of cancer using X rays
capillarytiny blood vessel
carcinogeniccausing cancer
cardiachaving to do with the heart
carpal boneswrist bones
cataractclouding of the lens of the eye
catheterflexible, tube-like tool used to take fluids out of or put fluids into the body
cerebellumthe part of the brain that controls the movement of the muscles and helps maintain balance
chemotherapytreatment of disease using drugs
chloasmatumor arising from the skin and other organs
chroniclasting a long time
clinical trialan experiment with patients
contraindicationsmedical reasons that prevent a person from using a certain drug or treatment
controlled trialstudy in which the experimental procedures are compared to a standard (accepted) treatment or procedure
corneaclear tissue covering the front part of the eye
culturetest for infection, or organisms that could cause infection
cumulationincreased action of a drug when given over a period of time
cytoidlike a cell
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)material that makes up the genes
depressantdrug that slows down the action of the central nervous system
double-blind trialtest or experiment in which neither investigators nor subjects know which drug the subject is receiving
ducttube that carries a body fluid
dysplasiaabnormal cells
edemaincreased fluid
electrocardiogram (ECG)picture of the electrical action of the heart
electroencephalogram (EEG)picture of brain wave activity
embolusblood clot
endorphinsubstance made by the body to stop pain
epidermalhaving to do with the outer layer of skin
epidermisouter layer of skin
esophagustube that goes form the throat to the stomach
extravasateto leak outside of a blood vessel
glucosetype of sugar found in the blood
gynecologistdoctor who treats disorders of the sex organs of women
gynecologythe study of the reproductive system of women
hematologistdoctor who treats blood disorders
hematomaa bruise, a black-and-blue mark
heparin lockneedle placed in the arm with blood thinner to keep the blood from clotting
hypertensionhigh blood pressure
hypodermicunder the skin
hypoglycemianot enough sugar in the blood
hypotensionlow blood pressure
hypothermialow body temperature
idiosyncrasyrare side effect of a drug; unusual reaction of a person to a drug
inflammationswelling, redness, and pain in tissues caused by injury or damage
influenzathe flu
intramuscular (IM) injectioninjection of a substance into a muscle (e.g., upper arm or backside)
intravenous (IV) injectioninjection of a substance into a vein
lactatingmaking milk
lateraltoward or having to do with the side of the body
lesionabnormal area of tissue, such as a wound, sore, rash, or boil
libidosexual desire
lymphomacancerous growth made up of lymph tissue
macro-describes something that is large or long
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)the use of magnetic waves to look at soft tissues of the body
mastectomysurgery to remove a breast
micro-describes something that is small or delicate
monitorcheck on, keep track of, watch carefully
morbidityundesired result or complication
mortalitydeath or death rate
nasogastric tubetube that goes through the nose and into the stomach
necrosisdeath of tissue or skin
neurologistdoctor who treats disorders of the central nervous system and nerves
neurosismental and emotional disorder
nyctalopiadifficulty seeing at night
oncologythe study of cancer
ophthalmologistdoctor who treats eye disorders
oral administrationgiving a drug by mouth
orthodontistdentist who treats teeth and jaw disorders
orthopedistdoctor who treats bone and joint disorders
otologistdoctor who treats disorders of the ear
otorhinolaryngologistdoctor who treats disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
otoscopetool used to look into the ear
Pap testmicroscope test used to detect virus infection of the cervix or cancer of the vagina, cervix, or lining of the uterus
pathogeniccausing disease
percutaneousthrough the skin
phalanxfinger or toe bone
placeboa pretend treatment (with no drug in it) that is compared in a clinical trial with a drug to test if the drug has a real effect
podiatristfoot doctor
polydipsiatoo much thirst
postpartumafter childbirth
potentiationincrease in drug action from using two drugs together instead of using each drug alone
PRNas needed
proctologistdoctor who treats disorders of the rectum and anus
prognosisforecast of the probable outcome of a disease
prosthesisartificial body part
protocolplan of study
psychologistdoctor who treats disorders of the mind, thought, and behavior
psychosissevere mental disorder; craziness
psychosomatichaving a connection between the mind and physical symptoms
pulmonary neoplasmlung tumor
randomby chance, like the flip of a coin
relapsethe return of a disease
renalhaving to do with the kidney
retrospectivelooking back over past experience
scapulashoulder blade
serumclear liquid part of blood
shuntartificial or natural channel running between two other channels
single-blind trialtest or experiment in which the person giving treatment, but not the patient, knows which treatment the patient is receiving
sleep apneabreathing problems while sleeping
somatichaving to do with the body
subcutaneous (SC)under the skin
sublingualunder the tongue
syndromeset of signs that happen at the same time in the body
thoraxthe chest
titrationslow increase in drug dosage, guided by patient's responses
tolerancedecrease in response to a fixed dosage of drug; over time, higher and higher doses of a drug are needed to get the desired effect
topical applicationgiving a medication by putting it directly on the skin
toxicityany harmful effect of a drug or poison
tranquilizerdrug used to control anxiety
transdermalthrough the skin
urologistdoctor who treats disorders of the urinary tract of men and women