Business Forum Vol 27 Issue 1

  1. Editorial  - [Download PDF]

     HEALTHCARE CURRENTS: A SPECIAL ISSUE FORUM

    Andre S. Avramchuk
    California State University, Los Angeles

  2. Addressing Employee Burnout Through Mitigation of Workplace Stressors - [Download PDF]

    Portia A. Jackson Preston
    California State University, Los Angeles

    Abstract:

    Workplace stressors are an increasing driver of healthcare costs in the United States. Insufficient compensation, the way in which work is managed, as well as one's sense of job control may compromise employee health and productivity, and ultimately lead to increased job turnover. The reduction of burnout within organizations is best maintained through a combination of interventions at the individual and organizational levels. Future research should examine how work and non-work stressors can influence job-related stress.

  3. Fast Food, Supermarkets, and Obesity in the Inner City: A Study of Food Access and Health in South Laos Angeles - [Download PDF]

    Tom Larson
    California State University, Los Angeles
    Deborah Compel Larson
    Los Angeles Harbor College

    Abstract:

    The U.S. is experiencing an obesity epidemic. Obesity rates are especially high in low-income, inner-city areas. Many inner-city neighborhoods have been labeled “food deserts,” where affordable, nutritious food is scarce. South Los Angeles has been labeled a food desert as it is reported to lack full-service supermarkets but has a growing number of fast-food restaurants. This paper examines some of the claims about food access and health, provides new data on the availability of supermarkets and fast-food restaurants in South Los Angeles, and reviews solutions for improving the health of South Los Angeles residents through changes in food access.

  4. Who Did the Affordable Care Act help and Who Did it Fail? - [Download PDF]

    Zhen Cui & Devika Hazra
    California State University, Los Angeles

    Abstract:

    This study uses the 2007 and 2013 Annual Social and Economic Supplement of the Current Population Survey to examine the effect of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on health insurance coverage among adults in the U.S. It finds that the ACA has improved coverage for men, youth, minorities, and low-income and less-educated individuals. However, those who are self employed or do not work full-time have been negatively impacted. We analyze these results and discuss business and policy implications.

  5. Lessons from the Healthcare Funding Challenges at Konkola Copper Mines in Zambia - [Download PDF]

    Mwadi Kakoma Chakulya
    Konkola Copper Mines Medical, Zambia
    Francis Wambalaba
    United States International University, Kenya
    Barbara W. Son
    Anaheim University, USA, and Medical Tactile Imaging, Inc.

    Abstract:

    The global challenge of healthcare financing due to rising healthcare costs requires innovative solutions. This challenge is present not only at the U.S. national level and employerbased financing, but also internationally in organizations such as Konkola Copper Mines (KCM) in Zambia. This study sought to determine effective healthcare funding options for KCM’s employee medical services to be more self-sustaining and reduce its reliance on a single source of funding. We surveyed 285 KCM employees and nine management staff from June to July 2016. The employees showed a willingness to contribute towards prepayment medical schemes and earmarked employee contributions to support funding for specific areas of medical services. However, they did not favor employee contributions directly towards general medical services. This research offers suggestions for addressing inefficiencies with the current resources and implementing prepayment employee medical schemes as a funding option.

  6. Being Intentional About Workplace Mindfulness Programs - [Download PDF]

    Carol Blaszczynski
    California State University, Los Angeles

    Abstract:

    In the past decade mindfulness practices, one component of employee and organizational wellbeing, have become more prevalent in workplaces. How can organizations design and implement workplace mindfulness programs? To answer that question, a short history of mindfulness programs is presented. Further, types of workplace mindfulness programs and their corresponding emphases and benefits are discussed. The pros and cons of mindfulness practices are identified as well as caution when designing workplace mindfulness programs. The business case for supporting mindfulness as a dimension of employee wellness and healthcare is presented.

  7. Book Review: The Gene: An Intimate History by Siddhartha Mukherjee, M.D. - [Download PDF]

    H. Rika Houston
    California State University, Los Angeles