To Comply with the U.S. Copyright Law When Placing
Faculty Members are Requested to Adhere to the Guidelines
of Title 17 of the United States Code
Photocopied Materials on Class Reserve
- I. Single Copying for Teachers
- A single copy may be made of any of the following by or for
a teacher at his or her individual request for his or her scholarly
research or use in teaching or preparation to teach a class:
- A chapter from a book;
- An article from a periodical or newspaper;
- A short story, short essay or short poem, whether or not
from a collective work;
- A chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon or picture from
a book, periodical, or newspaper.
- II. Multiple Copies for Classroom Use
- Multiple copies (not to exceed in any event more than one
copy per pupil in a course) may be made by or for the teacher
giving the course for classroom use or discussion; provided
- The copying meets the tests of brevity and spontaneity
as defined below; and,
- Meets the cumulative effect test as defined below; and
- Each copy includes a notice of copyright.
- Poetry: (a) A complete poem if less than 250 words and
if printed on not more than two pages or, (b) from a longer
poem, an excerpt of not more than 250 words.
- Prose: (a) Either a complete article, story or essay of
less than 2,500 words, or (b) an excerpt from any prose
work of not more than 1,000 words or 10% of the work, whichever
is less, but in any event a minimum of 500 words. [Each
of the numerical limits stated in "i" and "ii" above may
be expanded to permit the completion of an unfinished line
of a poem or of an unfinished prose paragraph.]
- Illustration: One chart, graph, diagram, drawing, cartoon
or picture per book or per periodical issue.
- "Special" works: Certain works in poetry, prose
or in "poetic prose" which often combine language with illustrations
and which are intended sometimes for children and at other
times for a more general audience fall short of 2,500 words
in their entirety. Paragraph "ii" above not-withstanding
such "special works" may not be reproduced in
their entirety, however, an excerpt comprising not more
than two of the published pages of such special work and
containing not more than 10% of the words found in the text
thereof, may be reproduced.
- The copying is at the instance and inspiration of the
individual teacher, and
- The inspiration and decision to use the work and the moment
of its use for maximum teaching effectiveness are so close
in time that it would be unreasonable to expect a timely reply to a request for permission.
- The copying of the material is for only one course in
the school in which the copies are made.
- Not more than one short poem, article, story, essay or
or two excerpts may be copied from the same author, nor
more than three from the same collective work or periodical
volume during one class term.
- There shall not be more than nine instances of such multiple
copying for one course during one class term. [The limitations
stated in "ii" and "iii" above shall not apply to current
news periodicals and newspapers and current news sections
of other periodicals.]
- III. Prohibitions as to I and II Above
- Notwithstanding any of the above, the following shall be prohibited:
- Copying shall not be used to create or to replace or substitute
for anthologies, compilations or collective works. Such
replacement or substitution may occur whether copies of
various works or excerpts there from are accumulated or
reproduced and used separately.
- There shall be no copying of or from works intended to
be "consumable" in the course of study or of teaching. These
include workbooks, exercises, standardized tests and test
booklets and answer sheets and like consumable material.
- Copying shall not:
- substitute for the purchase for books, publishers'
reprints or periodicals;
- be directed by higher authority,
- be repeated with respect to the same item by the same
teacher from term to term.
- No charge shall be made to the student beyond the actual
cost of the photocopying.
- Agreed March 19, 1976.
- Ad Hoc Committee on Copyright Law Revision:
- By Sheldon Elliott Steinbach.
- Author-Publisher Group:
- Authors League of America:
- By Irwin Karp, Counsel.
- Association of American Publishers, Inc.:
- By Alexander C. Hoffman.
Chairman, Copyright Committee