Note: If you need to leave this page quickly, click on escape.
Caution! Computer and Internet activity can be monitored. If you are being abused or stalked it may be safer for you to use a computer a perpetrator does not have access to (e.g., Open Access Lab). If you need to leave this page quickly, click on escape near the top and bottom right of this page and you will be redirected to Google.com. For more information call the National Domestic Violence Hotline (NDVH) at (800) 799-SAFE (7233), (800) 787-3224 (TTY); or visit the National Domestic Violence Hotline or CyberAngels online on a safer computer.
An individual's attitudes and beliefs about domestic and sexual violence can influence whether or not that person: commits acts of violence; supports a friend, student, or colleague who has been abused; or seeks help for violent acts committed against her or him.
Common myths about domestic and sexual violence include:
- It isn't rape if you have already started having sex before someone tells you to stop.
- Perpetrators are abusive in all of their relationships.
- If a woman or man is being abused their situation can't be all that bad if they stay in the relationship.
- Rape is a spontaneous act of passion.
- If a victim does not say 'no' or does not 'fight back,' it is not sexual assault.
- Individuals with disabilities are not affected by domestic and sexual violence.
- Men canÂt be raped if they donÂt want to be.
- Some girls and guys 'ask for it' by the way they act, dress, dance, or drink.
- Women and men are more likely to be raped by a stranger than someone they know.
- Stalking is a nuisance, but if you ignore it the stalker will quit.
- Additional Myths
Fact: Sex without consent is a crime. According to California law, consent for sex can be withdrawn at any time, including after penetration.
Fact: Some domestic violence perpetrators may be abusive to friends, family, coworkers, and others to varying degrees. Others may only abuse their partners and children. If a friend or family member discloses to you that she/he is being abused believe her/him and encourage her/him to get help. Don't automatically assume that because you "know" the identified perpetrator and you are unable to believe the person is capable of committing violence that it isn't happening.
If a woman or man is being abused their situation can't be all that bad if they stay in the relationship.
Fact: There are many reasons why a victim may stay in an abusive relationship. She or he may be afraid. They may feel ashamed even though what they are going through is not their fault. The victim may also be financially dependent on her or his abuser. While some victims are able to successfully leave their abusers, for others the process of leaving is extremely dangerous and can be deadly.
Fact: Rapes are committed to control, humiliate, and harm another person. Many are planned in advance and most are perpetrated by someone the victim knows. Passion, lust, and arousal may be present, but they are not uncontrollable urges.
Fact: Sexual assault victims may not say "no" or not fight back for a variety of reasons including fear and confusion. Rape victims often report being "frozen" by fear during the assault, making them unable to fight back; other victims may not actively resist for fear of angering the assailant and causing him to use more force in the assault. Pressure to be liked and not be talked about negatively by a peer will sometimes cause adolescents or children to avoid fighting back or actively resisting.
Fact: Physical and sexual assault, emotional abuse, neglect and other crimes are perpetrated against individuals with disabilities. Victimization rates for disabled adults are 4-10 times higher than those for individuals without disabilities. Children with disabilities are also victimized to a higher degree than children without disabilities.
The majority of the perpetrators of these crimes are male and known to the victims. Disabled persons are assaulted and abused by caregivers, healthcare workers, intimate partners, family members, and other individuals. Perpetrators are sometimes other disabled persons. These crimes usually occur in the victims' homes or in hospitals. Access to victim assistance resources, including law enforcement intervention and medical care, is often very limited for many disabled persons.
Fact: Any man can be sexually assaulted. It doesnÂt matter who he is, how big or strong he is, or his sexual orientation. Some men are sexually assaulted by women. Most are raped by men. The majority of men who rape other men consider themselves heterosexual. They rape men to exert control and cause harm and humiliation.
Some men who are raped get an erection or ejaculate while being attacked. This reaction is a physiological response to physical contact or extreme stress. Although a perpetrator may try to convince a victim otherwise, getting an erection or ejaculating during a sexual assault or rape is not a sign of consent, pleasure, or sexual orientation.
Fact: No woman or man does anything to Âask forÂ or deserve rape.
Fact: Men and women are more likely to to be sexually assaulted and raped by someone they know and often trust. In a national study that included an examination of first rape experiences female victims were raped by intimate partners (30%), family members (24%), and acquaintances (20%). Male victims were raped primarily by acquaintances (32%), family members (18%), and intimate partners (16%).
Fact: A person may be stalked by someone they know or by a complete stranger. In either case, stalking is a serious threat to personal safety and typically escalates without intervention. Stalking episodes can last for years. In some cases stalkers kill their victims.
Additional myths (and facts) are avaiable through:
- Dating / domestic violence: Safe Place
- Sexual Assault: Peace Over Violence
- Stalking: loveisrespect.org (Break the Cycle & the National Dating Abuse Helpline)
Kully, J. (2000). For men only: for male survivors of sexual assault. The Counseling & Mental Health Center, University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved May 15, 2008, from http://www.utexas.edu/student/cmhc/booklets/maleassault/menassault.html
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2008). Sexual violence. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved February 12, 2009, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/dvp/SV/SVDataSheet.pdf
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (2007). Victimization of persons with traumatic brain injury or other disabilities: a fact sheet for friends and families. Retrieved February 12, 2009, from http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/tbi/FactSheets/VictimizationTBI_FactSheet4FriendFam.htm
National Prevention Information Network (no date). Persons with disabilities. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved February 12, 2009, from http://www.cdcnpin.org/scripts/population/disable.asp#3
Office of the Attorney General (2007). Facts about sex offenders. California Department of Justice. Retrieved June 6, 2008, from http://www.meganslaw.ca.gov/facts.aspx?lang=ENGLISH
Stalking Resource Center (no date). Stalking fact sheet. National Center for Victims of Crime. Retrieved January 7, 2008, from http://www.ncvc.org/src
Turning Point Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault Services for West Virginia (no date). Domestic violence myths and facts. Retrieved May 14, 2008, from http://www.turningpointservices.org